Is a SEP or Simple IRA right for you?

SEP IRA Simple IRA
When should the plan be set up? A SEP IRA can be set up any time up to the due date of the employer's return, including extensions. A Simple IRA can be set up any time between January 1st and October 1st of the calendar year.
What is the last date for a contribution? The SEP IRA contribution must be made by the due date of the employer's return. The due date for a Simple IRA contribution is the following:
  • Matching or non-elective contributions: Due date of employer's return, including extensions.
  • Salary reduction contributions: 30 days after the end of the month for which the contributions are to be made.
What is the maximum contribution? The maximum contribution for a SEP IRA is the smaller of 25% of the participant's compensation or $53,000 for 2016 ($54,000 for 2017). A contribution to a Simple IRA is as follows:
  • Employee Contribution: Salary reduction for 2016 and 2017 is up to $12,500 (age 50 or over is $15,500 in 2016 and 2017.
  • Employer Contribution: Either matching contribution, up to 3% of employee's compensation, or nonelective contribution of 2% of compensation.
What is the maximum deduction? The maximum deduction for a SEP IRA is 25% of all participant's compensation. The maximum deduction for a Simple IRA is the same as the maximum contribution.

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